Posts tagged ‘Ulemas’

Ayatullah Ali Qadhi Tabatabai

Ayatullah Ali Qadhi Tabatabai 

Ayatullah Ali Qadhi Tabatabai

Ayatullah Ali Qadhi Tabatabai was born in Tabriz, Iran in the year 1869. He moved to Najaf at the age of 28 and was the teacher of several ulema such as Ayatullah Khui, Ayatullah Behjat, Ayatullah Zanjani, Ayatullah Marashi, Ayatullah Milani, Allamah Tabatabai and Ayatullah Dastaghaib.

It is narrated by Ustad Fatimi Niya, a student of Ayatullah Khui, that when Ayatullah Qadhi was in Najaf, Ayatullah Khui went to him and asked for instructions in some matters. It is said that he wanted instructions in spiritual exercises. Ayatullah Qadhi gave him some instructions.

Ustad Fatimi Niya continues that one night Ayatullah Khui went to Ayatullah Qadhi who showed him a vision of his future. Ayatullah Khui saw in front of him a man resembling him who slowly began to age. He saw the man give classes in Masjid-e-Hindi in the holy city of Najaf. Ayatullah Khui saw the old man resembling him issue fatawa and saw that his risala amaliya was published. After some time, he heard the a from the loudspeakers of Masjid-e-Kufa someone announce the news of his own death.

When the vision was over, Ayatullah Qadhi turned towards Ayatullah Khui and told him, “This was your life, from now until your death. You have a good future. Now you may go.”

Allamah Tabatabai, the author of Tafsir al-Mizan, narrates that his brother Allamah Ilahi sent a question to Ayatullah Qadhi through on of his students. He asked about the carpet of Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) on which the Prophet and his entire court sat and travelled from the east to the west. Allamah Ilahi asked whether the carpet was a physical object that was manufactured or a miracle of Allah without physical dimensions.

When the student posed this question to Ayatullah Qadhi, he replied, “I do not know the answer to this question. However, one of the creatures that was alive at that time and participated in this journey is still alive. I will go and ask him.”

Ayatullah Qadhi and the student proceeded towards a distant mountainous region. When they reached a certain mountain, a creature resembling a human being came forward and engaged in conversation with Ayatullah Qadhi. The student could not comprehend anything of their conversation. When Ayatullah Qadhi returned he told the student, “The creature from the mountain says that it was from the miracles of Allah through the winds that Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) was allowed to control and not a physical object.”

Ayatullah Qadhi did not only know of the existence and location of this creature from thousands of years ago, he also spoke the language and was able to have a conversation with him.

Ayatullah Sayyid Hussain Burujerdi

Ayatullah Sayyid Hussain Burujerdi

 

Ayatullah Sayyid Hussain Burujerdi

Ayatullah Sayyid Hussain Burujerdi was born in Burujerd in the Lorestan province of Iran in 1875. He revived the Qom hauza, which had waned after the death of its founder Ayatullah Haeri in 1937.

Ayatullah Burujerdi was amongst the first maraje to send representatives to countries outside the Shia-dominated Middle Eastern countries. He sent representatives to as far as Germany, Pakistan, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia.

He also established relations with Shaykh Mahmud Shaltut, the grand sheikh of al-Azhar. The two were founders of the House For Brining Muslim Sects Nearer, which is based in Cairo. Shaltut was also responsible for issuing the famous fatwa that recognized the Shia faith as part of Islam.

It has been narrated that Ayatullah Burujerdi had made a vow that were he ever to utter inappropriate words out of anger, he would fast for a whole year. One day he was giving his classes and a student raised an objection to one of his statements. He answered the student’s query and wished to move on, but the student raised another objection that Agha also answered. However, the student raised an objection for the third time, at which point Agha said in an annoyed tone, “be quiet, young man.”

It is said that after finishing the class Agha, having realized what he had done, called the student forward and in front of the whole class kissed his hand and said, “forgive the mistake of Burujerdi! I do not understand how the reins of my soul slipped from my hands and why I asked you to be quiet in front of everyone.” From the very next day, Ayatullah Burujerdi began fasting and proceeded to do so for the next year, for something that was neither inappropriate nor uncalled for. Indeed he had a lofty status.

Allamah Nawahandi, who used to lead the congregational prayers in the Holy Shrine in Mashad, narrates that when Ayatullah Burujerdi went to visit the holy city, Ayatullah Nawahandi asked him to lead the prayers and prayed behind him out of respect.

Allamah Nawahandi later visited the holy city of Najaf in the same year. He says that when he went there, Ayatullah Isfahani – who used to lead congregational prayers at the Holy Shrine – asked him to lead the prayers and prayed behind him. Allamah Nawahandi narrates that he was surprised that a man of Ayatullah Isfahani’s status, someone who had received letters from the Imam of our time, was giving him so much respect.

Allamah narrates that as he prepared to start the prayers, he heard a voice from the tomb of Imam Ali saying, “you showed respect to my son Burujerdi, so we have also honored and respected you, by making Sayyid Abulhasan Isfahani pray behind you.”

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