Posts tagged ‘Quran’

Event of Ghadeer In The Holy Quran- By Mujtaba Somji

“O Messenger! Convey what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you do not,
then you have not conveyed His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the (vice of)
people, verily Allah does not guide the unbelieving ones.” (Surah al-Maidah, ayah 67)

Mujtaba Somji 

In this verse, only the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) is addressed. It states but his duty. Then, for a further emphasis it warns him that if he refrains doing that, he has not conveyed his message to people at all.

Truly, what an important subject there existed in the latest months of the Prophet’s life that in the above mentioned verse the lack of its conveyance has been counted equivalent with the lack of messenger ship wholly.

In different books of the scholars of both Sunnite and Shi’ah schools of thought, there are many traditions recorded to say that the above mentioned verse has been revealed at Ghadir e Khum about the appointment of the successor for the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) and the future fate of Islam and Muslims.

“Verily, verily your guardian (Waliyy) is only Allah and His Messenger and those who believe, those who establish prayer and pay the poor-rate while bowing down (in prayer).” (Surah al-Maidah, ayah 55)

It has been cited in the occasion of revelation of the above verse that: a beggar entered the Mosque of the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) and asked people for a charity. No one gave him anything except for Imam Ali (a.s.) who pointed his finger to the beggar while he was bowing in the prayer, and he remitted his ring to that beggar. In honouring of this remittal, the above verse was revealed. It is also stated that Imam Ali (a.s) was in such deep connection with his Lord during his prayers that he got an inner indication from the Almighty that a beggar has come.

‘Ammar-Yasir says that it was after the remittal of the ring and the revelation of the holy verse that the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) said: “The one whose master I am, then this Ali is his master.” The holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) recited this verse in Ghadir e Khum in order to state the position of Imam Ali (a.s).

Many Islamic scholars and the commentators of the Qur’an have said that the objective meaning of the word ‘waliyy’, mentioned in the above verse, is Wilayah in the sense of: ‘guardianship’ and ‘material and spiritual personal initiative’ and ‘leadership’. In particular that this guardianship has been ordered in the same row of the guardianship of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) and the guardianship of Allah (s.w.t), and these three are stated in one sentence.

Thus, this verse is one the verses that, as a Qur’anic text, indicate to mastership and Imamate of Imam Ali (a.s).

Use Quran to show true islam by Mujtaba Somji

As we all know during these current times, Islam has faced many attacks and false accusations. It has been made fun of and is seen to be a mockery, the latest being the making of the film, “innocence of Muslims”. As Muslims, we are duty bound to defend the Word of The Almighty as it is a gift to us, and as humans, it is our nature that we do accept and take good care of gifts that we receive whatever it may be.

Every system has a guide to ensure efficient use of it. E.g. a computer or machine. And so Islam being a systematic religion that covers all aspects of life also has a guide known as Qur’an.

Qur’an is a book which is always living and is applicable at all times, from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w)’s time till the day of judgment. And so, it is a living miracle which helps solve all problems of life logically and ethically in a systematic way.

Also, when we look into any system, project or for instance a book, and then we are told to discuss what it is about, we will always read the whole thing and not part of it. This is because it will not be an academic approach as it requires full information.

So, the same thing applies to Islam or rather the Qur’an such that when non-believers claim and accuse Muslims of being terrorists or that the Qur’an just talks about war and violence. This is because, they read only part of the whole thing or also they just read a sentence of it. But, when we tackle a problem, we have to look at it in all fields of it so that we can draw a conclusion. The people, who accuse us, do not approach Islam academically. And therefore, we are responsible to discuss with them and educate them, as it is a blessing from Him, that we have the knowledge about it and that we are born Muslims.

And the Qur’an teaches us how to teach the dis-believers. This is said in Surah at-Tawbah, ayah 6. This ayah teaches us how to approach the claimer and what to do.

“If one amongst the Pagans ask thee for asylum, grant it to him, so that he may hear the word of Allah; and then escort him to where he can be secure. That is because they are men without knowledge.”

This is to provide them opportunities for hearing the true message of Allah, so that they may see the light of reason and accept the true religion of Allah. It is the highest form of tolerance. Islam enjoins upon its followers to give people every kind of facility to hear and understand the word of Allah. The pagans of Makka, the worst enemies of Allah, were allowed to enjoy protection so that they might first know the teachings of the religion of Allah and then decide about their future conduct.

Logically, when we are attacked, the first thought in our mind will be to defend ourselves.

We can further see that Qur’an teaches about self-defense but we are bound to certain limits that we are ordained to follow. This is in Surah al-Baqarah, ayah 190;

 “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.”

The message of Islam is universal. From early times the Muslims were only permitted to fight in self-defence.

This is further supported by Surah al-Baqarah, ayah 194

“The prohibited month for the prohibited month,- and so for all things prohibited,- there is the law of equality. If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, Transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.”

The men of Allah are allowed to inflict injury on those who violate the sanctity of the sacred months and attack the believers, because under the law of retaliation justice demands that the aggressors be punished, but when the enemies desist from continued confrontation, peace, bound by agreement, should prevail and be adhered to.

“Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then Allah Hath opened no way for you (to war against them).‎”

It is also true that out of their cunning and design some people wage war upon the Muslims with the help of the open and avowed enemies of Islam. If they do not keep away from you, nor offer peace, nor restrain their hands, seize them and destroy them wherever they are.

So, we can see that the Holy Book that had been attacked does carry so much weight and is without any doubt a clear miracle with amazing massages and guidelines. And therefore, our brain automatically demands us to know the author and question about Him, and that is none but Allah. To know how Merciful he is to his Creations, he has made it Wajib on Himself to grant Mercy on us. This is said in Surah al-An’aam, ayah 12

“Say: “To whom belongeth all that is in the heavens and on earth?” Say: “To Allah. He hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. That He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment, there is no doubt whatever. It is they who have lost their own souls, that will not believe.”

This proves to us that He is all Kind and all Merciful. But, we should keep in mind that He is also very swift in reckoning as everything has its limits. Lastly we must keep reminding ourselves that his bounties are limitless and to gain them we need to obey Him by doing what pleases Him and avoiding what he has forbidden.

Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s) in the Qur’an by Mujtaba Somji

We are living in an era where our Imam al-Mahdi (a.t.f.s) is not visible to us. Unlike during the times of the early Imams (a.s) when the people then were able to see and live with the Holy personalities. This does not mean that the Imam (a.s) is away from us but rather we are not aware of his presence and do not pay heed of his excellence.

The Imam (a.s) is in the period of occultation where he awaits the right call from the true believers so that he can reappear and establish the system of Allah (s.w.t).

The appointment of the Imams (a.s) has been stated in the Holy Qur’an in Surah al-Baqarah, ayah 124:

“He said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the unjust, said He.”

When Imam Mahdi (a.s) would appear and Islam would be established in the whole world with his coming, the entire earth would be ruled by him and all disbelievers will vanish from the face of the earth. He will make the truth flow into the earth and will wipe out falsehood forever.

This is supported in Surah Bani Israel, ayah 81:

“And say: The truth has come and the falsehood has vanished; surely falsehood is a vanishing (thing).”

The Imam (a.s) will come back and take full control of the whole world. He will set up an institute which will be full of justice and peace. He will abolish all the injustice and wars going on. Imam (a.s) will have only 313 leader’s in his army to take over the world. These 313 will be the utmost righteous believers.

The return of the Imam (a.s) has been mentioned in the Qur’an in a metaphorical way:

“Say, ‘Have you not thought that if your water was to dry up, who would bring you water from the spring?’” (Surah al-Mulk, ayah 30)

In the traditions that we have from the AhlulBayt (a.s), this verse has been explained as being related to the return of Imam al-Mahdi (a.s) and the universal justice which he will spread throughout the world.

Among these traditions, there is one quoted from Imam al-Baqir (a.s) where he has stated, “This verse was revealed in relation to Imam al-Qa’im (may Allah the Grand hasten his noble advent). He (Allah) has said, ‘If your Imam was to go into occultation from you and you did not know where he was, then who would be able to bring your Imam (back to you); who would be able to inform you of the events in the Heavens and the Earth and the permissible (halal) of Allah and what He has made forbidden (haram)?’

The apparent reading of this verse is related to the flowing water which is the source of life for all living creations, while the inner meaning of the verse is in regards to the presence of the Imam (a.s) and the knowledge and justice that he will spread throughout the world – which is also the source of life for all human beings.

What are our duties during this period?

As his followers, we are obliged to be waiting for his reappearance. There are two ways of his awaiting:

1.

Active – through starting movements or active work for the sake of Allah (s.w.t) and spreading His message

2.

Passive – through reciting supplications and praying to Allah (s.w.t) to hasten his reappearance
Being his followers does not give us the advantage to sit at home and just relax thinking that we are on the right path and it would suffice, rather we are supposed to improve our relation with Imam (a.s) through hard work and practicing Allah (s.w.t)’s divine religion.

In order to be successful in the course and camp of Imam (a.s), we are supposed to improve our relation with him as well as understand who this holy personality is. Below is a Du’a which will InshaAllah help us to obtain the goal of Ma’rifat:

 

Inline image 1

 

 

“O Allah! Grant ma’rifah of Yourself. For, if I do not have the ma’rifah of You then I will never know Your Prophet.

O Allah Grant me ma’rifah of Your Prophet (saws) for if I do not have ma’rifah of your messenger then I will never know Your Representative.

O Allah! Grant me ma’rifah of Your Representative for if I do not have the ma’rifah of Your Representative, then surely I have gone astray from my religion.”

Friday Ziyarat of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s)

Friday is dedicated to Imam al-Mahd¢, the Patron of the Age—peace be upon him—for his blessed advent will be on Friday. May Allah hasten his advent. So, when you visit him on Fridays, you are recommended to say the following:

Click to enalrge

Translation;

O Allah! Send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

O Allaah send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad. In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Peace be on you, O the decisive argument of Allah on His earth ! Peace be on you, O the ultimate link of Allah with the mankind ! Peace be on you, O the truth and enlightenment of Allah whom the guided on the Right Path follow and imitate, and who gives heart, joy and confidence to the faithfuls! Peace be on you, O the just, pure and refined, rendered formidable! Peace be on you, O the “Wali” (beloved favourite of Allah, a friend, a helper) who always gives sincere advice! Peace be on you, O the means and medium of liberation and assurance ! Peace be on you, O the spring and essence of life ! Peace be on you. Blessings of Allah be on you and on your pure and pious family. Peace be on you. May Allah fulfill, at once, in advance , the promise He made with you – to shower mercy and make distinctly visible (your) leadership. Peace be on you, O Loving Protector ! I am your friend and follower, well aware of your priority and ultimate purpose. I come near Allah, the Highest High, through you and your family. I look forward to be there when you come, at your disposal for making known the truth. I request Allah to send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad, and make room for me amid those who have fixed the look upon you, who shall comply with your instructions and help you against your enemies, and let me be present before you along with all your friends. O loving protector ! O the Man of the moment ! Blessings of Allah be on you and on your family. Today is Friday, a day you are expected to come; the faithful will be free of cares and troubles when you shall arrive, and with one strike shall put an end to the intrigues of the infidels. I, O the Loving friend, in these hours, seek your hospitality and friendship. You, O my Loving friend, are kind and generous, a true son of the kind and generous forefathers, always inclined by nature to be hospitable and friendly. So give me a warm welcome and make friends with me. Blessings of Allah be on you and on your family.

O Allah! Send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad.

Transliteration:

ALLAAHUMMA S’ALLI A’LAA MUH’AMMADIN’W WA AALI MUH’AMMAD

BISMILLAHIR-RAH’MAANIR-RAH’EEM

ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA H”UJJATALLAAHI FEE ARZ”IHEE ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA A’YNALLAAHI FEE KHALQIHEE ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA NOORALLAAHIL LAD”EE YAHTADEE BIHIL MUHTADOONA WA YUFARAJU BIHEE A’NIL MOO-MINEENA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA AYYUHAL MUHAD’DABUL KHAAA-IFU ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA AYYUHAL WALIYYUN NAAS’IHU ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA SAFEENATAN NAJAATI ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA A’YNAL H’AYAATI ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA S’ALLALLAAHU A’LAYKA WA A’LAA AALI BAYTIKAT’T’AYYIBEENAT’ T’AAHIREENA ASSALAAMU ALAYKA A’JJALALLAAHU LAKA MAA WA-A’DAKA MINAN NAS’RI WA Z’UHOORIL AMRI ASSALAMU A’LAYKA YAA MAWLAAYA ANAA MAWLAAKA A’ARIFUN BI-OOLIYAAAKA WA UKHRAAKA ATAQARRABU ILALLAAHI TA-A’ALAA BIKA WA BI-AALI BAYTIKA WA ANTAZ’IRU Z’UHOORAKA WA Z’UHOORAL H’AQQI A’LAA YADAYKA WA AS-ALULLAAHA AN YUS’ALLIYA A’LAA MUH’AMMADIN’W WA AALI MUH’AMMAD WA AN YAJ-A’LANEE MINAL MUNTAZ’IREENA LAKA WAT TAABI-E’ENA WAN NAAS’IREENA LAKA A’LAA AA’-DAAA-IKA WAL MUSTASH-HADEENA BAYNA YADAYKA FEE JUMLATI AWLIYAAA-IKA YAA MAWLAAYA YAA S’AAH’IBAZ ZAMAAN S’ALAWAATULLAAHI A’LAYKA WA A’LAA AALI BAYTIKA HAAD’AA YAWMUL JUMU-A’H WA HUWA YAWMUKAL MUTAWAQQA-U’ FEEHI Z’UHOORUKA WAL FARAJU FEEHEE LIL MOO-MINEENA A’LAA YADAYKA WA QATLUL KAAFIREENA BI-SAYFIKA WA ANAA YAA MALAAYA FEEHEE Z”AYUKA WA JAARUKA WA ANTO YAA MAWLAAYA KAREEMUN MIN AWLAADIL KIRAAMI WA MAAMOORUN BIZ” Z”IYAAFATI WAL IJAARAH FA-AZ”IFNEE WA AJIRNEE S’ALAWAATULLAAHI A’LAYKA WA A’LAA AHLI BAYTIKAT’ T’AHIREEN

ALLAHUMMA S’ALLI A’LAA MUH’AMMADIN’W WA AALI MUH’AMMAD

Video

Hassanain Rajabali – Imam Ali [as] and the Qur’an

Lecture delivered on October 2, 2007 at the Islamic House of Wisdom in Dearborn Heights, Michigan during the Holy Month of Ramadhan Night 20.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Verses 2-5:

Provided by Sajjad Khalfan

 

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

 

We begin by discussing the benefits derived from reading the Holy Quran. We begin by one such benefit today as explained from Surah Al-Baqarah.

GUIDANCE FROM THE HOLY QURAN:

Guidance from the Holy Quran follows after Guidance from Allah (swt) as explained below.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Verses 2-5:

Surah Al-Baqarah, Verses 2-5

{2} This Book, there is no doubt in it, (is) a guidance to those who guard (against evil).

{3} Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.

{4} And who believe in that which has been sent down to thee and that which was sent down before thee and they are sure of the hereafter.

{5} These are on a guidance from their Lord and these it is that shall be the successful ones.

QUR’AN: This Book, there is no doubt in it, (is) guidance to those who guard (against evil), those who believe in the unseen:

Those who guard against evil, or in other words, the pious ones, are the very people who believe. Piety or guarding oneself against evil, is not a special virtue of any particular group of the believers. It is not like doing good, being humble before God or purity of intention, which are counted as various grades of the faith. Piety, on the other hand, is a comprehensive virtue that runs through all the ranks of the true faith. It is for this reason that Allah has not reserved this adjective for any particular group of the believers.

The characteristics of piety, enumerated in these four verses, are five: Believing in the unseen, keeping up prayers, spending benevolently out of what Allah has given, believing in what Allah has revealed to His apostles, and being sure of the hereafter. The pious ones acquire these spiritual qualities by guidance from Allah, as Allah tells us in the next verse: “These are on guidance from their Lord.” They became pious and guarded themselves against evil because Allah had guided them to it. When they got that quality, the Qur’an became guidance for them: “This Book …(is) guidance to those who guard against evil.”

It clearly shows that there are two guidance, one before they became pious, the other after it. The first guidance made them pious; and thereupon Allah raised their status by the guidance of His Book.

The contrast is thus made clear between the pious ones on one hand and the disbeliever and the hypocrites (who are admonished in the next fifteen verses) on the other. The latter two groups are surrounded by two straying and two blindness. Their first straying causes their unbelief and hypocrisy, and the second one (which comes after their unbelief and hypocrisy) confirms their first error and strengthens it. Look at what Allah says about the disbeliever: Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing; and there is a covering over their eyes (2:7). Sealing their hearts has been ascribed to Allah, but the covering over their eyes was put by the disbeliever themselves. Likewise, Allah says about the hypocrites: There is a disease in their hearts, so Allah added to their disease (2:10). The first disease is attributed to the hypocrites themselves, and the second one to Allah. The same reality has been explained in many verses. For example: He causes many to err by it and many He leads aright by it! But He does not cause to err by it (any) except the transgressors 2:;26); …but when they turned aside, Allah made their hearts turn aside (61:5).

In short, the pious ones are surrounded by two guidance, as the disbeliever and hypocrites fall between two errors.

The second guidance is by the Qur’an; therefore, the first one must have been before the Qur’an. They must have been guided by a healthy and unimpaired psychology. If a man’s nature is faultless and flawless, it cannot fail to see that it is dependent on something above it. Also, it realizes that every other thing, which it may perceive, imagine or understand, depends likewise on a thing outside the chain of dependent and needy things. Thus, it comes to believe that there must be a Being, unseen and un-perceptible through the senses, who is the beginning and end of every other thing. It also sees that the said Essential Being does not neglect even the smallest detail when it comes to creative perfection of His creatures. This makes him realize that the said Creator cannot leave the man to wander aimlessly hither and thither in his life; that He must have provided for him a guidance to lead him aright in his actions and morals. By this healthy reasoning, the man acquires the belief in One God, in the institution of prophet hood and in the Day of Resurrection. In this way, his faith in the fundamentals of religion becomes complete. That faith leads him to show his servitude before his Lord, and to use all that is in his power – wealth, prestige, knowledge, power, and any other excellence – to keep this faith alive and to convey it to others. Thus we come to the prayer and benevolent spending. The five virtues enumerated in these verses are such that a healthy nature unfailingly leads the man to them. Once a man reaches this stage, Allah bestows on him His another grace, that is, the guidance by the Qur’an.

The above-mentioned five qualities – correct belief and correct deeds – fall between two guidance, a preceding one and a following one.

This second guidance is based on the first one. This fact has been described in the following verses:

Allah confirms those who believe with the sure word in this world’s life and in the hereafter (14:27). 

0 you who believe! Fear Allah and believe in His apostle. He will give you two portions of His mercy, and make for you a light with which you will walk… (57:28). 

0 you who believe! If you help Allah, He will help you and make firm your feet (47:7).

*Tafseer from Al-Mizan*

Sura Ikhlas

commentary by Pooya/M.A.

Verse 1: 

“Say: He, Allah, is One.”

Commentary:

Ahad, one in being, is applied to Allah alone, and signifies the one; the sole; He who has ever been one and sole; or the indivisible; or He who has no second to share in His divinity, nor in His essence, nor in His attributes.

The spirit of the absolute unity of Allah is the foundation of the structure of the religion of Allah, Islam. This surah, which explains the unity (tawhid) of Allah, was revealed to give an idea of Godhead the Holy Prophet preached.

It begins with huwa (He) which refers to the known, known to all, but not identifying any one. Refer to the commentary of Fatihah: 1 and Baqarah: 255. In the Aryan creeds atma and brahma is one, therefore “I” (first person singular) is used by them to refer to the conception of the absolute.

Ahad signifies the unity of His essence. He is free from compositeness. According to Imam Ali bin Husayn Zaynal Abidin samad refers to the supreme being that continues, or continues for ever, or is everlasting, or is the creator of everything of whom nothing is independent, or is dependent on no person or thing but all persons or things are dependent on Him, therefore the eternally besought by all. He cannot be described or defined as one void of any excellence, or any excellence void of Him, He is infinite.

Verse 2:

Surah al-Iklaas, ayah 2:

Allah, the Eternal

Commentary:

Many meanings are mentioned for /samad/ in Islamic narrations, commentaries, and lexicons.

Raqib cites in Mufradat that ‘Samad means a Lord; one to whom reference is made in matters of importance’. Some others have said that ‘samad’ means ‘something whose inside is not hollow, but it is full’.

It also means ‘a Lord’,when applied for Allah, because affairs are dependent upon Him. ‘Samad’ signifies one who is high or elevated in the utmost highness, and a Lord to whom one resigns himself, has recourse to, or is in need of, or One above Whom there is no one, or One Who continues, after His creatures have perished.

Imam Husain (a.s) in a tradition, has stated five meanings for ‘samad’:

1. A Lord Whose Lordship has attained its utmost point or degree.

2. An Essence and Being that continues or continues for ever or is everlasting.

3. The Existence that has not a hollow inside.

4. The One Who takes no nourishment, food or drink.

5. One Who does not sleep. (5)

A tradition from Imam Ali-ibn-al Hosain (p.b.u.h.) says: ‘Samad’ is One Who has no partner and it is not difficult for Him to protect things, and nothing is hidden from Him. (6)

The term ‘samad’ has such a vast meaning that we cannot mention them, completely, or in other ,words, the names or the attributes, mentioned to describe its nature, cannot be translated to covey the exact sense to the fullest meaning of the terms.

A tradition denotes that the citizens of Basrah wrote a letter to Imam Husain (a.s) and asked him the meaning of /samad/.

He replied: In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful: Then do not plunge in vain talk about the Qur’an and do not dispute about it and do not speak about it when you do not know (it). Verily, I heard from my grandfather, the Messenger of Allah, who said: ‘The person who talks about the Qur’an without knowing (it), his abode will be in fire’. Allah, Himself, has rendered ‘samad’ to mean: ‘He begets not, nor is He begotten’, ‘And there is none like unto Him’… . Yes, Allah is ‘samad’ Who is not from anything and is not in anything or on anything; He is the Creator of everything and all are from Him by His Power; what He has created to perish will perish at His Will, and what He has created to remain will remain in His Knowledge. This is Allah; al – Samad (7)

Verse 3

He begets not, nor is He begotten

Commentary:

In this verse, it rejects the idea of the Christians, the Jews, and the pagan Arabs who declared that Allah had a child or is a father. Different from this is the statement of those who believe in Trinity; the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

Christians know ‘Jesus’ as the son of God. The Jews believe ‘Ezra’ (‘Uzair) was the son of God: The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of God, and the Christians call Christ the son of God. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the Unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the Truth!, (Sura Taubah, No. 9, verse 30).

The Arab pagans believed that angels were the daughters of Allah: …And they falsely having no knowledge, attribute to Him sons and daughters…, (Sura An’am, No. 6, Verse 100).

It Is understood from some of the Islamic narrations that ‘begets’, in the verse under discussion, has a broader meaning. It negates any material and delicate things emerging from Him, or He, the Sacred Essence, emerging from any material and delicate thing.

In the above mentioned letter of Imam Hosain (p.b.u.h.), to the people of Basrah, about the commentary of the term /samad/, he commented on the current verse, saying: /lam yalid/, i.e. there emitted nothing from Him-neither material things nor a child, nor other things that emit from creatures, nor a delicate thing like a soul.

Nothing appears in Him, such as sleep, imagination, grief, sadness, happiness, laughter, tears, fear and hope, courage and discouragement, hunger and satiety.

Allah is more exalted than that something should emit from Him, or that He begets something material or delicate, nor is He begotten from something material or delicate…Similar to a living creature coming out from another one, or a plant from the earth, water from a spring,fruits from trees, nor the like, emitting delicate things from their sources, such as visionfrom the eye, hearing from the ears, smelling from the nose, tasting from the mouth, speech from the tongue, knowledge and understanding from the heart (insight and soul), and particles of fire from stone…. (8)

According to this tradition, ‘begets’ conveys a vast meaning, so that it may envelop any emitting things of any kind from anything else, and this is, in fact, the second meaning of the verse whose first and apparent meaning was the meaning that was mentioned in the beginning. Besides, the second meaning, with the anology of the first meaning, is quite adaptable and understandable; since, if Allah has no children, it is because He is aloof from the qualities of material. This meaning is also right for other qualities of matter.

Verse 4

“And none is like Him.”

Commentary:

The term / kufw / originally means ‘equal from the point of position and rank’, then, it is used for any similarity.

Considering this verse, the Holy Essence of Allah is free from all qualities or obstacles that creatures have, and free from all defects and limitations. This is ‘Unity of Attributes’ that corresponds with Unity of Number ‘.

Therefore, He is One in Essence, in attributes, and in deeds; and He is unique in every aspect.

Amir-al-Mo’mineen Ali (a) has said: “…no change can take place in Him and no lessening, diminishing, dwindling, decay and dissipation of His Mighty and Glory is possible, that He is not begotten from anyone nor does He beget anyone. ..He has no peer and no equal. He can destroy things created by Himself in such a way that they will cease to exist and disappear into nothingness…”. [16]

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